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Going to college is an exciting time in a young person's life. It's the end of one chapter and the beginning of another.
College is a great time for new experiences, both inside and outside the classroom. Here are a few pointers for college students OR YOUNG WOMENS BETWEEN THE AGE GROUP OF 18 TO 30 on staying safe and healthy.
It is recommended to go for on-going annual wellness exams for adults, between the ages of 18 and 30 years. During these visits,you may discuss with your doctor/Gynaecologist about yourgeneral health and wellness issues, including:
Physical activity and exercise.
Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOS) and overweight.
Family planning and sexual behaviour.
Substance abuse (i.e. tobacco, alcohol and drugs)
Annual well-person exams may also include the following:
Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in women worldwide, with all cases linked to a sexually transmitted genital infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV).
Injuries: Women suffer significantly more fire-related injuries and deaths than men, due to cooking accidents or as the result of intimate partner and family violence.
Violence against women is widespread around the world. Recent figures indicate that 35% of women worldwide have experienced either intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime. On average, 30% of women who have been in a relationship experienced some form of physical or sexual violence by their partner.
Depression and suicide.
What You can do to stay a healthy:
Maintain a healthy lifestyle: starting with diet and exercise. The amount of food you need to eat from each food group depends on your age, sex, and level of physical activity.
Includes maintaining good balance is important for college students. A few ways to manage stress are to get enough sleep, avoid drugs and alcohol,and connect socially.
Smoking: harms nearly every organ of the body and causes
many diseases like cancer, heart and respiratory diseases.
Binge drinking: Binge drinking is a factor that increases your chances for risky sexual behaviour, unintended pregnancy, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, car crashes, violence, and alcohol.
Sexually transmitted infections: Sexually transmitted infections can be prevented. They are also treatable, and many are curable.
Among females: Depression was the leading cause of burden.
Tips for young women prior to visiting your healthcare provider:
Before you go to your health care provider:
Make a list of your questions.
Ask a family member or friend to go with you.
If you have medical tests done - Ask how and when you will receive your results. Ask who will be available to answer any questions and when is the best time to call.
If your health care provider advises you to change your diet or lifestyle -
Ask how these changes will help you and what will happen if you do not make these changes.
Ask him/her to be specific about the changes. For example, if the health care provider recommends more exercise, ask what type of exercises and how often you should do them
If your health care provider suggests you lose weight, ask how much and is it there any support groups or programs that you should join?
If your health care provider prescribes medicine -
Ask why the medicine should be taken?
Ask how you should take the medicine?
It should be taken with food or without food?
Can it be taken with other medications?
Ask about what should you do if you have side effects?
Be sure to bring a list of all medicines you should take and share it with your health care provider.
If you are treated for a condition -
Ask how your progress will be monitored?
Ask if you should make a chart of your progress and when you should report changes to your health care Provider?
Ask when you should return to your health care provider to be checked?
Some Gynaecological Concerns for young women:
Menstruation: A normal menstrual period occurs about once a month and lasts between four to six days, but everyone is different. Once your period has established a pattern, any bleeding that does not fit into that pattern should be considered irregular. This includes spotting between periods, heavier than normal periods and longer than normal periods. However, certain events or changes in your life, such as stress, exercise or diet, can temporarily affect your cycle. If any of these problems continue, see your health care provider.
Toxic shock syndrome:
TSS is a very serious reaction to certain bacteria and is usually associated with tampon use. Symptoms of TSS include sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, dizziness and a rash that looks like sunburn. You can decrease your risk of TSS by using lower absorbency tampons and changing tampons often or by alternating tampon use with pads or panty liners.
Premenstrual syndrome is a group of symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle. PMS symptoms occur in the week or two weeks before your period. Symptoms can be physical (bloating, headaches, dizziness and food cravings) or emotional (mood swings, panic/anxiety attacks and depression). PMS is treatable.
For more information you can watch:
The Pap smear test: The test can find cancer cells or cells that could turn into cancer. Women should begin having yearly check-ups, including a pelvic exam and a Pap test, within three years of becoming sexually active. Once a woman has had three consecutive, negative Pap tests within a five-year period, she may get screened every three years.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and Obesity:
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine system disorder among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have enlarged ovaries that contain small collections of fluid called follicles located in each ovary as seen during an ultrasound exam. PCOS is independent of but substantially worsened by obesity.
Most effective form of birth control: The only totally effective way to prevent pregnancy is not to have sexual intercourse. Abstinence and condoms are the most effective in preventing STDs.
Emergency contraception, known as Plan B, should not be used as regular birth control.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
The most common symptoms of an STD are bleeding between periods, an unusual discharge and pain during sexual intercourse. The only sure way to know is by having a medical exam and lab tests. If you are sexually active, you can reduce your risk for getting STDs by practicing "safe sex."Abstinence (not having vaginal, anal or oral sex) is the best and only 100 percent effective way to prevent getting a sexually transmitted disease.
For more detail you can watch:
Video courtesy: Dr Douglas M. Black(Sound care medical centre)
HIV/AIDS: If you have a sexually transmitted disease, you may be at higher risk for getting infected with HIV during sex with a HIV infected partner.
Healthy Bones:The best time to build bones is when you are young. Dairy foods, such as cheese, ice cream and yogurt, are excellent sources of calcium.
Weight-bearing and resistance exercises are the two types of exercises most important for building and maintaining bone mass and density.
Weight-bearing exercises are those in which you have to work against gravity and include jogging, walking, playing tennis and dancing.
Resistance exercises include lifting free weights and using weight machines. Though weight-bearing and resistance exercises do help a woman build bone mass, exercise must be done in moderation. The sign of too much exercise for a young woman is when she has previously had regular periods, but has stopped menstruating (amenorrhea) because her body weight or body fat levels are too low, as often occurs in athletes, as well as women who are anorexic.
Anaemia: The most common hematologic abnormality is a reduction in haemoglobin in blood. Anaemia is the most common disorder in women. High iron foods include sunflower seeds, nuts, beef, lamb, beans, whole grains, dark leafy greens (spinach), and dark chocolate.
How much iron should you take to avoid Anaemia?
51 years and over
Breast Health: Breast cancer is less common among women who are younger than 40 years old, but it is still possible to be diagnosed with the disease at a young age. You can lower your risk for breast cancer by following a healthy diet, not smoking,limiting alcohol, exercising regularly and having regular check-ups with your health care provider. A breast self-exam (starting around age 20) helps you learn the way your breasts normally look and feel and allows you to keep track of any changes that may occur. You should check your breasts two or three days after your period. If you discover a lump or notice any changes in your breasts, see your health care provider for a clinical breast exam.
Immunizations: College freshman, particularly those who live in dormitories, have a slightly increased risk of getting meningococcal disease and should consider getting a meningococcal vaccine. There is currently no hepatitis C vaccine, but you can get vaccinated against both hepatitis A and B.
Vaccine-induced immunity to pertussis is thought to last for 10 years following the last dose, so additional vaccination against pertussis is needed. Adolescents and adults who previously received only one dose of chickenpox vaccine should receive another. Any contaminated puncture wound, whether from a rusty nail bite or scratch, may require tetanus shot if you have not had one within 10 years. Certain types of human papillomaviruses(HPV), a sexually transmitted disease, cause cervical cancer.
Mental Health:Depression? Although adolescence can be a very confusing time, severe depression is not a normal part of being a teenager. Treatment can help and may include medicine and therapy.
Signs of major depression:
Additional symptoms include irritability, persistent physical problems that do not respond to treatment, difficulty concentrating or remembering and thoughts of suicide. Those with depression also may have difficulty with relationships, abuse substances, or be absent from or perform poorly in school.
Eating disorders are complex, chronic and largely misunderstood and misdiagnosed. The most common eating disorders - norexia
Nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorders - are on the rise.
What are signs of anorexia?
A. Weight loss, sometimes severe
B. Intense fear of gaining weight
C. Distorted body image
People with eating disorders often do not recognize or admit that they are ill. As a result, they may strongly resist getting and staying in treatment. Family members and other trusted individuals may be helpful in ensuring that the person with an eating disorder receives needed care and rehabilitation.
Date-rape drugs are sometimes used to assist a sexual assault. Alcohol is the most commonly used date-rape drug. Other common date-rape drugs are GHB, ketamine and rohypnol. The drugs often have no color, odor or taste and are easily added to flavoured drinks without the victim's knowledge.
Women who smoke usually start as teenager - before high school graduation. The younger a girl starts to smoke, the more likely she is to become addicted to nicotine and continue to smoke into adulthood.
Second-hand smoke contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds. More than 60 of these are known or suspected to cause cancer
A. Smoking causes injury to your airways and lungs.
B. Teen smoking slows your lung growth.
C. Smoking causes lower fertility in women.
D. Smoking can give you wrinkles.
It increases the risk of fractures, dental problems, eye diseases and ulcers. It also causes wrinkles.
Quit! Kick the butt today! Smoking increases heart disease, stroke and cancer.
Eat foods that are healthy and change your habits according to your age and body needs.
Remember that emotional well-being is a corner stone of good health. Learn to deal with and express your emotions in ways which is beneficial to you and your environment. Seek help if you feel overwhelmed.
Incorporate a daily routine to relax and rejuvenate try to listen to soothing music, chant, read a book or meditate.
Rest and sleep
If you are not sleeping well, you will have less energy and fewer resources for coping with stress. Developing good sleep habits is very important.
Breathing techniques, Yoga can help, check out (it is in Hindi language) -
Adjust your work schedule such that you
Seek people with similar conditions to help you remain as active and independent as possible and provide emotional support.
Family and friends
Try to promote healthy living to your partner, children and friends. Doing it together will have greater chances of success.