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You were brought to the hospital with the symptoms like a visible lump or a swollen area in your groin, heavy or uncomfortable feeling in the gut, particularly when bending over, pain or aching, particularly on exertion (such as lifting or carrying heavy objects), digestive upsets, such as constipation. You also reported that the lump disappeared when you were lying down, the lump enlarged upon coughing, straining or standing up. Doctors after thorough evaluation confirmed that you had inguinal hernia. They had advised you to go for a hernia surgery.
A hernia occurs when an organ, intestine or fatty tissue squeezes through a hole or a weak spot in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue.
The most common types of hernias are:
Inguinal: occurs in the inner groin
Femoral: occurs in the upper thigh/outer groin
Incisional: occurs through an incision or scar in the abdomen
Ventral: occurs in the general abdominal
Umbilical: occurs at the belly button(2)
If untreated, hernia can lead to several complications. Hernia is reducing at first, but can go irreducible, obstructed and also strangulated which could be an emergency depending on the contents involved in the hernia sac.
Treatments: You have undergone a hernia surgery when you were in the hospital. Surgery is the only treatment that can permanently fix a hernia. Surgery secures the weakened abdominal wall tissue and closes any holes. Most hernias are closed with a mesh to plug up the holes. Today, hernias can be fixed by open surgery or with the use of a laparoscope (camera). The advantages of using a camera include smaller surgical cuts, faster recovery, and less pain after the procedure.(3)
You most likely can return to light activity after 3 weeks. Strenuous exercise should wait until after 6-8 weeks of recovery.
You can return to work after 7-10 days.
Don't do anything that causes pain. You'll probably be able to drive again in about 2 weeks or when you have no pain in your groin. You can have sexual intercourse in about 6-8 weeks.
Common things to expect after hernia surgery: After your hernia repair:
Occasionally swelling and bruising may occur in the groin and scrotum after the procedure. If this happens, use scrotal support.
You may have some pain, soreness, and stiffness at first, especially when you move. This is normal.
You will also feel tired after surgery.
You will most likely return to your normal activities in just a few weeks.
Men may have swelling and pain in their testicles.
You may have some bruising around the groin and testicular area.
You may have trouble passing urine for the first few days.
Side effects/Risk factors: The most common adverse events for all surgical repair of hernias - with or without mesh - are pain, infection, hernia recurrence, scar-like tissue that sticks tissues together.
Weightlifting and other strenuous activities can increase abdominal pressure and possibly enlarge a small muscle tear. If lifting a heavy object is unavoidable, bend from your knees rather than your waist.
Aerobic exercises that don't involve straining such as swimming or bicycling are generally recommended when you had hernia.
A healthy diet, limited in certain foods, might help manage your symptoms and prevent hernia.
Avoid: Increase fiber diet Replacing low-fiber starches -- such as white bread, instant rice, enriched pasta and pretzels -- with complex carb sources, such as whole grains, sweet potatoes and legumes, is a useful way of boosting your fiber and overall nutrient intake. Because complex carbs enhance satiation, doing so might also enhance weight management, which is also important for reducing bowel strain.
Avoid fatty food Fatty foods might relax the lower part of your esophagus which can make way for acid reflux and increase symptoms of hernia. Foods high in saturated or trans fats, such as red and processed meats, high-fat dairy products, fried foods and foods containing hydrogenated vegetable oil, might also contribute to inflammation and weight gain. To avoid these risks, consume modest amounts of healthy fat sources, such as nuts, seeds, olive oil, canola oil, avocados and salmon, instead.
Avoid Acidic Foods If you're prone to acid reflux, it is recommended avoiding acidic items, such as orange juice, caffeinated beverages and decaffeinated coffee. Other acidic foods include tart apples and cherries, pineapple, tomatoes and tomato products, vinegar and vegetables made with vinegar, such as pickles, sauerkraut, canned beets and artichokes.
Avoid Added Sugars Added sugars, such as high-fructose corn syrup, cane sugar, brown sugar and honey, contribute calories and sweetness, but few nutrients, to many prepared foods and beverages. Eating excessive amounts of added sugars likely contributes to weight gain. To avoid these risks, limit items particularly high in added sugars, such as regular soft drinks, candy, pancake syrup, jelly, frosting, frozen desserts and commercially-baked cakes, cookies, pies and pastries.